Scientists find 16 drugs that could treat COVID-19
In a new study from the CEU Cardenal Herrera University, researchers found a new way to identify existing medicines that could be applied to treat COVID-19.
This mathematical model can compare the three-dimensional structure of the target proteins of known medicines to SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus proteins.
In the case of COVID-19, it is known that protein NSP12, an RNA polymerase that depends on RNA and is in charge of the viral RNA replicating in the host cells, is one of the most interesting and promising pharmacological targets.
In the study, the team looked at the 1,825 medicines approved by the FDA, the American Food and Drug Administration.
According to the Drug Bank repository, these medicines are connected to 27,830 protein structures.
In their analysis, the researchers compared the topological structure of these thousands of proteins available in the Protein Data Bank with the 23 proteins of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus.
The research team was able to identify 16 medicines that act against three proteins as their therapeutic target.
Among these 16 medicines are rutin, a flavonoid that inhibits platelet aggregation; dexamethasone, a glucocorticoid that acts as an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressor; and vemurafenib, a kinase inhibitor suited for adult patients with melanoma.
With these medicines now identified, they will now have to be subjected to clinical studies to confirm the possible efficiency detected by the mathematical model and to determine the best combination of them to treat the symptoms caused by COVID-19.
Dexamethasone is currently one of the most used medicines that has the most success treating advanced COVID-19 disease.
The authors of the study also highlight the future use of this new strategy to reposition medicines.
This strategy could be applied both to the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus and its new variants, as well as to any new viruses that may appear in the future, identifying their proteins and comparing their topological structure to that of the target proteins in known medicines, using this same strategy.
If you care about COVID-19, please read studies about COVID-19 infection may cause this health problem in men and findings of this common drug may reduce your risk of COVID-19 infection.
For more information about COVID-19, please see recent studies about this stuff may drive flu, pneumonia and COVID-19 death rates and results showing that people with this health condition have high risk of severe COVID-19.
The study is published in Pharmaceutics.
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