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#Viral Hepatitis

hivplusmag.com

Why Aren't More People With Hep C on PrEP?

Research posted on Open Forum Infectious Diseases showed that individuals with hepatitis C (HCV) may also benefit from pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), considering the overlapping risk factors and methods of transmission with HCV and HIV. Poz noted that in 2012, 68 percent of new HIV cases in the U.S. were men...
WASHINGTON STATE
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pledgetimes.com

Brunetto: “Delta hepatitis should be sought in those with hepatitis B”

“Delta hepatitis is a viral hepatitis supported by the Delta hepatitis virus (Hdv) which lives only in the presence of the hepatitis B virus (Hbv) which supports it in its spread in the liver, therefore it is a co-infection. We we must look for the Hdv infection in the HBsAg positive subject”, i.e. with Hbv infection. “The problem is that the HBsAg positive subject who contracts the delta infection has a much more rapid, much more evolutionary liver disease, therefore from the point of view from a clinical point of view, Delta hepatitis is a serious, rapidly evolving hepatitis that can lead to cirrhosis in a very short time”, said Maurizia Rossana Brunetto, director of the Hepatology Unit, Pisan University Hospital, on the sidelines of the meeting entitled ” The emergence of the underground of infectious diseases in Italy: organizational models in comparison “, dedicated to the study of prevention, screening and ‘linkage to care’ in virology, promoted by Gilead Sciences, and held in Arezzo as part of the Forum risk management.
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adomonline.com

People living with HIV and unvaccinated for Hepatitis B at higher risk of new infections

Researchers have identified that people living with HIV who are unvaccinated for hepatitis B are at higher risk for new hepatitis B infections. This is according to a study conducted by a group of scientific researchers and shared at the 2022 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI). It also...
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Nature.com

Hepatitis A and hepatitis B infection risk among employees at schools for disabled pupils

Aim of this project was to assess occupational biological hazards with regard to the risk of hepatitis A (HAV) and hepatitis B (HBV) and the need for occupational health care in schools for pupils with special needs. Teachers and educational specialists were surveyed about activities potentially providing exposure to biological agents and their individual immune status regarding HAV and HBV by a detailed questionnaire. Descriptive analyses, group comparisons and logistic regression were performed to identify factors influencing the HAV and HBV immune status. 1398 teachers and educational specialists took part. 1381 respondents reported having physical contact with pupils at work (98%). Daily contact was reported by up to 84% of all employees. Being scratched, bitten or spat at was reported by up to 93%. Hazardous activities are performed by both teachers and educational specialists. The vaccination rate was reported to be 58% for HAV and 64% for HBV. In regression analyses, failing to receive vaccine counselling [HAV: aOR 0.36 (95% CI 0.28; 0.46; p"‰<"‰0.001), HBV: aOR 0.43 (95% CI 0.33; 0.55; p"‰<"‰0.001)] or non-participation in infection prevention instruction [HBV: aOR 0.54 (95% CI 0.39; 0.75; p"‰<"‰0.001)] were found to be significant predictors of low vaccination rates. Employees who are at risk due to occupational exposure should be instructed about infection prevention and vaccination against HAV and HBV.
bestnewsmonitoring.com

Viral Hepatitis And Retrovirus Diagnostic Tests Market Present Overview, Key Structure Analysis, And Latest Insights Till 2030

Global Viral Hepatitis and Retrovirus Diagnostic Tests Market In-Depth Analysis, Size, Share, And Forecast To 2030. The Market.Biz publishes the latest Viral Hepatitis and Retrovirus Diagnostic Tests market research report which provides in-depth insights into industry profiles along with their production values, production capacity, product portfolio, and key strategies such as organization and assets. joint, co-operation, product. starting with brand promotion, and government and corporate contracts, among others.
physiciansweekly.com

Variants Effect in LGP2 on MDA5-mediated Activation on Hepatitis D Virus Replication

Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I), melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 (MDA5), and laboratory of genetics and physiology 2 (LGP2) are RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs), which detect viral RNA to activate the antiviral interferon (IFN) response. LGP2 modifies RIG-I and MDA5 signaling since it is unable to initiate the IFN response on its own. MDA5 detects HDV, a tiny RNA virus that causes the most severe kind of viral hepatitis. Uncertainty surrounds the mechanism behind IFN induction and its impact on HDV replication. For a study, researchers sought to clarify how LGP2 and its therapeutically useful variations function in these processes.
federalregister.gov

CDC Recommendations for Hepatitis C Testing Among Perinatally Exposed Infants and Children-United States, 2023; Request for Comment and Notice of Informational Webinar

This document has a comment period that ends in 65 days. (01/27/2023) Submit a formal comment. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). ACTION:. SUMMARY:. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), announces...
brytfmonline.com

Childhood hepatitis: growing alerts about the disease of unknown cause – Health

The World Health Organization (WHO) recently issued a warning about a possible outbreak of acute hepatitis C in children of unknown cause. The first notifications were found in children under 10 years of age, without pre-existing diseases. In Brazil, in 2022 alone, Ministry of Health data indicates 28 suspected cases of viral hepatitis, with higher rates in the states of Rio de Janeiro and Sopaolo.
MedicalXpress

Australia falling behind in its goal to eliminate hepatitis C and save lives

Key findings of the Burnet Institute and Kirby Institute's Australia's progress towards hepatitis C elimination Annual Report for 2022 released today, show:. The rate of new hepatitis C infections in Australia has declined since 2016 when highly effective direct acting antiviral (DAA) treatments became available, and. More than 95,000 people...
reporterwings.com

Australia falling behind in its goal to eliminate hepatitis C and save lives

Key findings of the Burnet Institute and Kirby Institute’s Australia’s progress towards hepatitis C elimination Annual Report for 2022 released today, show:. The rate of new hepatitis C infections in Australia has declined since 2016 when highly effective direct acting antiviral (DAA) treatments became available, and. More than...
contagionlive.com

Measuring Disease Severity, Quality of Life in Japanese Hepatitis Patients

As viral hepatitis is the most common blood-transmitted infection globally, assessing the toll of hepatitis and hepatitis-related conditions is critical. Viral hepatitis can be sneaky, causing no symptoms in some people and debilitating ones in others–symptoms that can severely impact quality of life. In Japan, the most common infectious diseases are hepatitis B and C; roughly 3% of the population is infected with hepatitis C, which causes more than 30,000 deaths every year. In an effort to assess the health-related quality of life in Japanese people with hepatitis, a team of scientists from various hospitals and medical schools across Japan undertook a study to examine the health state utilities–global measurements of quality of life–in this population.
icliniq.com

What Causes Fulminant Hepatic Failure?

Fulminant hepatic failure is a sudden liver failure in people with no history of liver disease. To know about the condition, read the following article. The other term used for fulminant hepatic failure is acute liver failure. It is a sudden liver failure along with the development of hepatic encephalopathy. It is usually seen in people who never had any liver condition or might have stable liver conditions. Hepatic encephalopathy is a nervous system disorder in which the brain stops functioning as the liver does not remove toxins from the blood. Hepatic encephalopathy develops within eight weeks after the signs of jaundice are seen in the patient.

Concerns: Heart Attack Risk for People Living with HIV and Hepatitis C

People with HIV face a rising risk for heart attack as they age, and this is magnified if they also have hepatitis C virus (HCV). Given that HIV and HCV are both associated with cardiovascular disease, researchers asked whether HIV/HCV coinfection increases the risk for type 1 myocardial infarction, the kind of heart attack caused by coronary artery disease. They analyzed data from 23,361 HIV-positive people on antiretroviral treatment; one in five also had HCV. During four years of follow- up, 1.7% of people with HIV alone and 1.9% with HIV/HCV coinfection had a type 1 myocardial infarction. Overall, having hepatitis C was not associated with a significantly higher heart attack rate. But the risk increased by 30% per decade for people with HIV alone, compared with 85% for those with both HIV and HCV. The researchers suggested that this might be due to increased inflammation in people with two chronic viral infections. The good news is that managing traditional cardiovascular risk factors, keeping HIV under control and getting treated for hepatitis C can reduce heart attack risk.
askbygeeks.com

Trinity scientists have discovered why some people are resistant to viruses

By studying women who were exposed to hepatitis C many years ago, Trinity scientists were able to determine what causes viral resistance. Scientists in Ireland have unearthed the potential secret as to why certain individuals are resistant to viral infections such as hepatitis or Covid-19. A new study by researchers...
newsymom.com

The letter is B Hepatitis B…

After learning about Hepatitis A in the previous article, it is time to shift to the next letter of the alphabet B. Hepatitis B is another severe infection that may require different treatment from Hep A. Read on to learn more about the difference and the type of treatment for Hep B.
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