A recent video produced by the Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP) shows hundreds of Boko Haram fighters pledging their allegiance to ISWAP. The video emerged a few weeks after the leader of Boko Haram, Abubakar Shekau, reportedly died. It is unclear if Boko Haram senior officials, or only the group shown, will be allying with ISWAP. Regardless, the recent increase in ISWAP’s power, and their rising number of fighters, is a concern for people in northeastern Nigeria. There are fears that ISWAP is attempting to consolidate power in the region and potentially gain control over the entire insurgency. These concerns are supported by this recent video. One fighter said, “we will unite together to fight” and, “what will happen now will by far exceed what transpired in the past now that we’re united.” The potential consolidation of power with ISWAP could quell the violent rivalry between Boko Haram and ISWAP. If the groups join, the insurgency could focus more attention on attacking the Nigerian military: the main target of both groups.