Congress needs to address the ‘soft racism’ in its annual spending process

For the first time in over a decade, the Social Security Administration (SSA) released data from its administrative records on the number of Black people who receive Social Security benefits. Because of long-standing racial disparities in health outcomes, Black Americans are far more in need of benefits from Social Security’s disability programs — and those disability programs are in a free fall, thanks largely to cuts by Congress to SSA’s administrative budget.

5 Reasons You Shouldn’t Retire Early

It's tempting to consider an early retirement, especially if you have experienced enough financial success in your career to position yourself to exit the workforce earlier than anticipated. ...

Mary and James rule 100 years of names in the U.S.

SIOUX FALLS, S.D. (KELO) — Are you between the ages of 53 and 62 and your name is Michael or Lisa or James or Karen? You aren’t alone. The most popular name for baby boys in the 1960s was Michael followed by David, John, James and Robert. The most popular for baby girls was Lisa, Mary, Susan, Karen and Kimberly, according to the Social Security Administration. The SSA has links to popular names by year or decade and lists for state and nationwide. The lists are gathered from SSA card application data.

Genotype-by-environment interaction and stability of root mealiness and other organoleptic properties of boiled cassava roots

Genetic enhancement of cassava aimed at improving cooking and eating quality traits is a major goal for cassava breeders to address the demand for varieties that are desirable for the fresh consumption market segment. Adoption of such cassava genotypes by consumers will largely rely not only on their agronomic performance, but also on end-user culinary qualities such as root mealiness. The study aimed to examine genotype"‰Ã—"‰environment interaction (GEI) effects for root mealiness and other culinary qualities in 150 cassava genotypes and detect genotypes combining stable performance with desirable mealiness values across environments using GGE biplot analysis. Experiments were conducted using an alpha-lattice design with three replications for two years in three locations in Nigeria. The analysis of variance revealed a significant influence of genotype, environment, and GEI on the performance of genotypes. Mealiness scores showed no significant relationship with firmness values of boiled roots assessed by a penetration test, implying that large-scale rapid and accurate phenotyping of mealiness of boiled cassava roots remains a major limitation for the effective development of varieties with adequate mealiness, a good quality trait for direct consumption (boil-and-eat) as well as for pounding into 'fufu'. The moderate broad-sense heritability estimate and relatively high genetic advance observed for root mealiness suggest that significant genetic gains can be achieved in a future hybridization program. The genotype main effects plus genotype"‰Ã—"‰environment interaction (GGE) biplot analysis showed that the different test environments discriminated among the genotypes. Genotypes G80 (NR100265) and G120 (NR110512) emerged as the best performers for root mealiness in Umudike, whereas G13 (B1-50) and the check, G128 (TMEB693) performed best in Igbariam and Otobi. Based on the results of this study, five genotypes, G13 (B1-50), G34 (COB6-4), G46 (NR010161), the check, G128 (TMEB693), and G112 (NR110376), which were found to combine stability with desirable mealiness values, were the most suitable candidates to recommend for use as parents to improve existing cassava germplasm for root mealiness.