Ronald Graham "Ron" Archer AM (25 October 1933 – 27 May 2007) was an Australian Test cricketer. He was educated at the Anglican Church Grammar School and played in 19 Tests from 1953 to 1956. He was the younger brother of Ken Archer, who also played Test cricket for Australia. A highly gifted all rounder, Archer's career was cruelly cut short by a serious knee injury in the one-off Test against Pakistan in Karachi in 1956 when he was just 23. A permanent fixture in the team from his debut against South Africa at Melbourne in 1952–53 until stricken by injury in 1956 Archer was a stylish middle order batsman and robust opening bowler. When England toured Australia in 1954–55 he topped the Australian bowling averages with 13 wickets (16.53). In the 2nd Test at Sydney he took 3–12 and 3–53 and his 49 was the highest score in the Australian first innings. After a slow start he excelled on the West Indian tour of 1955, recording 84 in Trinidad, 98 at Bridgetown and a maiden test hundred at Kingston to finish the series with 364 runs at 60.66. Showcasing his all round talent he took 18 wickets at 25.05 in England in 1956 but fell injured in Pakistan on the way home. He played in 1958–59 as a specialist batsmen but though he averaged over 40 for Queensland his knee would not allow him to continue in the game. After retiring from the playing field he worked as a TV executive, became Cricket Australia's Code of Behaviour Commissioner and officiated as an International Cricket Council match referee. He was made a life member of the Queensland Cricket Association for his services to cricket. Cricket Australia Chairman Creagh O'Connor paid the following tribute "Ron Archer had a brief and very successful Test career which was tragically cut short by an injury of the type that modern sports medicine would today probably have overcome...But while his international playing career was too short, he still devoted an energetic and cheerful lifetime of support to the game that he loved, contributing right up until his final summer." On 12 June 1995, Archer was named a Member of the Order of Australia in recognition of services to the community, cricket and business. On 14 July 2000, Archer was awarded the Australian Sports Medal for his cricketing achievements. In 2009 Archer was inducted into the Queensland Sport Hall of Fame.