James Ferraro (born November 7, 1986) is an American musician, producer, vocalist and contemporary artist who has been credited as a pioneer of hypnagogic pop and vaporwave. His works, primarily studio albums, but also including poems and art installations, are known for exploring subjects such as hyperreality and consumer culture. Ferraro began his career in the early 2000s as a member of the Californian noise duo The Skaters, after which he began recording solo work under his name and a wide variety of aliases. He released projects on labels such as Hippos in Tanks and New Age Tapes. Ferraro received wider recognition when his polarizing 2011 album Far Side Virtual was chosen as Album of the Year by The Wire.