Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann, better known simply as Heinrich Schliemann, was a German archaeologist and business owner who garnered fame for excavating Troy, Mycenae, and Tiryns. An ardent proponent of the historicity of places mentioned in the works of Homer, his findings supported the notion that Homer's ‘Iliad’ is based on historical events. However, his use of dynamite while excavating the nine levels of archaeological remains garnered him widespread condemnation. While many see him as the modern discoverer of prehistoric Greece, the scholars of late 20th and early 21st centuries hold the view that self-mythologizing played a significant role in accumulating his reputation. Despite this, along with Arthur Evans, Schliemann is considered a trailblazer in the study of Aegean civilization in the Bronze Age. At some point, the two men became acquainted, and Evans came for a visit to Schliemann’s sites. Some of the most prominent discoveries of Schliemann are the so-called Mask of Agamemnon, which he found in Mycenae, and the so-called Priam’s Treasure, which he found in Hisarlik, which is now believed to be the location where Troy once stood. Schliemann had plans of excavating Knossos but he passed away before he could begin his work there.
Also Known As
Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann
Luise Therese Sophie Schliemann
Sophia Engastromenos (m. 1869), Ekaterina Lyschin (m. 1852–1869)
Doris Schliemann, Elise Schliemann, Louise Schliemann, Ludwig Schliemann, Wilhelmine Schliemann
Agamemnon Schliemann, Andromache Schliemann