Bharat Ratna Gopinath Bordoloi was the first Chief Minister of the state of Assam, India, after independence. He had also served as Chief Minister of undivided Assam prior to independence. A staunch supporter of Mahatma Gandhi, he followed the non-violence principle of Gandhi to help India win independence from the British rule. Bordoloi was a prominent freedom activist who played a major role during 1947 to prevent Assam from being included into East Pakistan. Majority of Muslim political leaders from Bengal, many of whom were affiliated to ‘Muslim League’, wanted Assam, a significantly Hindu dominated region, to be included in East Pakistan, apprehensions of communal riots and upsurge of mass protests did the rounds. Bordoloi along with other eminent leaders sorted out the issue tactfully using several measures including holding protest rallies and taking up the matter with high ranking officials of the British Government, which ultimately left the region within the Indian boundary. After India’s independence he worked in association with Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel to safeguard the sovereignty of Assam against East Pakistan and China. He was one of the architects of the ‘Indian National Congress’ in the state of Assam. Jayram Das Doulatram, the then Governor of Assam conferred upon him the title of “Lokpriya”.