Chaim Grade (April 4, 1910 – April 26, 1982) was one of the leading Yiddish writers of the twentieth century. Grade was born in Vilnius, Lithuania (at the time occupied by the Russian Empire) and died in The Bronx, New York. He is buried in Riverside Cemetery, Saddle Brook, New Jersey. Grade was raised Orthodox-leaning, and he studied in yeshiva as a teenager, but ended up with a secular outlook, in part due to his poetic ambitions. Losing his family in the Holocaust, he resettled in New York, and increasingly took to fiction, writing in Yiddish. Initially he was reluctant to have his work translated. He was praised by Elie Wiesel as "one of the great—if not the greatest—of living Yiddish novelists." In 1970 he won the Itzik Manger Prize for contributions to Yiddish letters.