Boris Abramovich Gelfand (Belarusian: Барыс Абрамавіч Гельфанд, romanized: Barys Abramavich Hel'fand; Russian: Борис Абрамович Гельфанд, romanized: Boris Abramovich Gel'fand; Hebrew: בוריס אברמוביץ' גלפנד; born 24 June 1968) is a Belarusian-born Israeli chess player. He was awarded the title Grandmaster by FIDE in 1989. A six-time World Championship Candidate (1991, 1994-95, 2002, 2007, 2011, 2013), he won the Chess World Cup 2009 and the 2011 Candidates Tournament, making him Challenger for the World Chess Championship 2012. Although the match with defending champion Viswanathan Anand finished level at 6–6, Gelfand lost the deciding rapid tie break 2½–1½. Gelfand has won major tournaments at Wijk aan Zee, Tilburg, Moscow, Linares and Dos Hermanas. He has competed in eleven Chess Olympiads and held a place within the top 30 players ranked by FIDE from January 1990 to October 2017.