Alice Parker is an internationally renown American composer, arranger, conductor, and pedagogue born to Mary Stuart and Gordon Parker, in Boston, on December 16, 1925. She has authored five operas, eleven song-cycles, thirty-three cantatas, eleven works for chorus and orchestra, forty-seven choral suites, and more than forty hymns. The aforementioned are original compositions, there are also to be noted a wealth of arrangements based on pre-existing folk-songs and hymns, many of which were produced in cooperation with Robert Shaw. Alice Parker is probably best known for these kinds of arrangements of spirituals, mountain hymns, and folk songs, early American hymns, and international folk-songs, most notably in French, Spanish, Hebrew, and Ladino. Alice Parker studied music theory with Mary Mason at the New England Conservatory, composition and conducting at Smith College and the Juilliard School, where she began her long and prolific association with Robert Shaw. The many Parker-Shaw settings of American folk songs, hymns, and spirituals form an enduring repertoire for choruses in many countries around the world.