In October 2018, Lion Air Flight 610 crashed shortly after taking off in Jakarta, killing all 189 passengers and crew aboard. Questions immediately emerged about the international pilots, their training background, and their overall qualifications, but few blamed the plane itself, a Boeing 737 MAX 8 that had been in service for just two months. The media and industry insiders insisted that Boeing, an American company synonymous with aviation excellence, couldn’t possibly be at fault for the disaster. Five months later, that presumption proved deadly when a second plane — Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 — fell out of the sky outside Addis Ababa just six minutes after takeoff. There were no survivors.