Ancient Roman ‘Service Station’ Unearthed In England During Soccer Field Construction

Archeologists believe that ancient travelers might have stopped to stay at an inn, visit a blacksmith, or even pray in a small temple that all date to the 1st century C.E. Modern-day travelers often like to stop to grab a snack and stretch their legs. And, apparently, so did ancient Romans. Archeologists in England have just uncovered what was once a busting “service station” alongside a major Roman route in Bishop’s Stortford, Hertfordshire.
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Experience influences the visual processing of stone tools

Scientists at the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH) have assessed whether knowledge and experience affect the distribution of the attention during the visual exploration of stone tools, in a study published in the journal Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. The results suggest that prior experience does indeed influence how the tool is processed visually.
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‘Mind blowing’ ancient settlements uncovered in the Amazon

The urban centres are the first to be discovered in the region, challenging archaeological dogma. You have full access to this article via your institution. Mysterious mounds in the southwest corner of the Amazon Basin were once the site of ancient urban settlements, scientists have discovered. Using a remote-sensing technology to map the terrain from the air, a research team has revealed that, starting about 1,500 years ago, ancient Amazonians built and lived in densely populated centres, featuring 22-metre-tall earthen pyramids and encircled by kilometres of elevated roadways.

Molecular signatures written in bone proteins of 79 AD victims from Herculaneum and Pompeii

An extensive proteomic analysis was performed on a set of 12 bones of human victims of the eruption that in AD 79 rapidly buried Pompeii and Herculaneum, allowing the detection of molecular signatures imprinted in the surviving protein components. Bone collagen survived the heat of the eruption, bearing a piece of individual biological history encoded in chemical modifications. Here we show that the human bone proteomes from Pompeii are more degraded than those from the inhabitants of Herculaneum, despite the latter were exposed to temperatures much higher than those experienced in Pompeii. The analysis of the specimens from Pompeii shows lower content of non-collagenous proteins, higher deamidation level and higher extent of collagen modification. In Pompeii, the slow decomposition of victims' soft tissues in the natural dry"“wet hydrogeological soil cycles damaged their bone proteome more than what was experienced at Herculaneum by the rapid vanishing of body tissues from intense heat, under the environmental condition of a permanent waterlogged burial context. Results herein presented are the first proteomic analyses of bones exposed to eruptive conditions, but also delivered encouraging results for potential biomarkers that might also impact future development of forensic bone proteomics.

Archaeologists discover ancient Mayan city on construction site

KANASIN, Mexico, May 27 (Reuters) - Archaeologists have uncovered the ruins of an ancient Mayan city filled with palaces, pyramids and plazas on a construction site of what will become an industrial park near Merida, on Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula. The site, called Xiol, has features of the Mayan Puuc style...

Archaeologists find ‘mind-blowing’ network of lost cities hidden in Amazon

Archaeologists have uncovered an “unprecedented” network of lost cities in the Amazon that shed light on how ancient civilisations constructed vast urban landscapes while living alongside nature.Researchers used lidar technology, dubbed “lasers in the sky”, to scan through the tropical forest canopy, and examine sites found in the savannah-forest of South West Amazonia. They uncovered a wide range of intricate settlements that have laid hidden under thick tree canopies for centuries in the Llanos de Mojos savannah-forest in Bolivia. The findings, described in the journal Nature on Wednesday, shed light on cities built by the Casarabe communities between 500 AD...

Australia Once Had 6-Foot "Demon Ducks Of Doom" And Early Humans Stole Their Eggs

There’s been a breakthrough in the 50,000-year-old Great Egg Controversy, as scientists have finally cracked the identity of a six-foot bird that laid eggs eaten by Australia’s first people. The extinct megafauna Genyornis was to thank for the ancient humans’ feast, from the group of birds called the dromornithids or mihirungs which – thanks to their relatedness to waterfowl and enormous size – are also known as the “demon ducks of doom.”

Oldest Prehistoric Mine in America Was Used for Extracting Pigments, Archaeologists Find

Click here to read the full article. According to a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the oldest mine in America was used to excavate for ochre, the vital pigment used to make paint. The mine, referred to as the Powars II site by archaeologists, is in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains in Wyoming. There, Indigenous people began quarrying for hematite (the iron oxide compound that produces the red pigment we know as ochre) some 12,840 years ago. The mine was used on and off for an ensuing 1,000 years. Indigenous peoples used antlers and...

Ancient Ruins Of 11 "Lost" Settlements Discovered Beneath The Amazon Jungle

Jungle-penetrating lasers have peeked through the dense Amazonian rainforest to reveal the ruins of 11 previously unknown settlements decorated with vast pyramids and waterways. As reported in the journal Nature today, scientists examined six areas within a 4,500 square kilometer (1,737 square mile) region of the Llanos de Mojos in...

Louvre Ex-director Charged In Art Trafficking Case

A former director of the Louvre Museum in Paris has been charged with conspiring to hide the origin of archaeological treasures that investigators suspect were smuggled out of Egypt in the chaos of the Arab Spring, a French judicial source said Thursday. Jean-Luc Martinez was charged Wednesday after being taken...

134 Ancient Settlements Discovered Along Hadrian’s Wall in Britain

Click here to read the full article. A team of archaeologists has discovered 134 previously unknown settlements of peoples who lived along Hadrian’s Wall, a defensive fortification in England that dates back to ancient Roman times. Hadrian’s Wall was built as the Roman Empire pushed into Britain. Running from coast to coast, the wall marked the border between the conquered South and the unconquered North. A team of archaeologists have been studying the region above the Wall to better understand this borderland that was object of so much political, social, and military focus. This team of researchers, from Edinburgh University, published their...